Chapter 3: Ideology of Plunder


…For Smith, anything that would enhance economic growth for society should be encouraged. Profit superseded morality and just like morality bore no relationship for Locke in society, so it did not for Smith in economics.

This view was further supported by Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, the full title being On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. His theory was used to exploit and legitimise the ideology of materialism. Darwin’s discoveries also enabled social Darwinists to promote the notion of ‘survival of the fittest’ on the basis that the idea of natural selection justified it. ‘Survival of the fittest’ was presented as a law of nature in which organisms are embroiled in a war with all other creatures. It is a war in which the offspring of the survivors inherit the ‘success’ traits necessary for furthering the cause of human beings and their material ambitions…

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